The six million acre Adirondack Park encompasses the southern range of the boreal forest or “Taiga,” which extends from northeastern Canada and the continental United States (including the northern New York, New England, northern Michigan and Minnesota) across inland Canada all the way to inland Alaska. The boreal forest is a biome (distinct habitat) characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches and in New York, is unique to the Adirondacks.
The Adirondacks include a variety of forest communities, and in addition to boreal species such as balsam fir, red and black spruce, also include hardwood species at lower and mid- elevations (up to 2500 feet). Hardwood forests are the most common forest communities in the Adirondacks and occupy over 50% of the forested lands. Sugar maple, American beech, and yellow birch are the predominant tree species.